Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun February-December and the Battle of the Somme July-November This led to tension building up between the great powers of Europe, much like the Cold War except on a smaller scale.
All the other nations of Europe began to spend much more money to make their armies extremely powerful. The Ottoman Empire Late inthe Ottoman Empire was brought into the fray as well, after Germany tricked Russia into thinking that Turkey had attacked it.
The new machine guns, artillery, trenches and mines made it very difficult to attack. Fearful of that Alliance; inFrance made an alliance with Russia, and In France also made an agreement with Britain called the Entente: These submarines were named U-boatsfrom the German word Unterseeboot meaning underwater boat.
This created a great deal of tension between the great powers of Europe which threatened European war years before World War 1 started.
Because of Germany building her Empire so quickly, Britain got worried about power and improved their Empire as well.
Airplanes[ change change source ] Airplanes were first used extensively in World War I. On August 4,German troops crossed the border into Belgium.
First, Britain and France launched a failed attack on the Dardanelles.
Although the British had some successes in Mesopotamia, the Gallipoli campaign and the attacks on the Dardanelles resulted in British defeats. The men on both sides took spades and dug holes, because they did not want to be killed. Facing dwindling resources on the battlefield, discontent on the homefront and the surrender of its allies, Germany was finally forced to seek an armistice on November 11,ending World War I.
On July 15,German troops launched what would become the last German offensive of the war, attacking French forces joined by 85, American troops as well as some of the British Expeditionary Force in the Second Battle of the Marne.
The British used whistles to communicate to other soldiers, so before they shelled the German trenches, they would sound the whistle. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early Decemberfreeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front.
British and French—and later, American—troops arrived in the region, and the Allies began to take back the Italian Front. New weapons, such as machine gunsand long-range artillery had an increased rate of fire that cut down huge numbers of soldiers during mass chargesa tactic leftover from older warfare.
As the years passed, hatred of the Versailles treaty and its authors settled into a smoldering resentment in Germany that would, two decades later, be counted among the causes of World War II. The German Army went into Belgium on August the 4th.
World War I Begins Convinced that Austria-Hungary was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize, and appealed to Russia for assistance.
The fighting between exhausted, demoralized troops continued to plod along until the Germans lost a number of individual battles and very gradually began to fall back.
It offered Mexico land in the southwestern United States that the United States took in previous wars. Generals, military leaders, were using airplanes as an important part of their attack plans at the end of the war. Second Battle of the Marne With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive.
Austria-Hungarylike many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism once and for all.
Toward Armistice By the fall ofthe Central Powers were unraveling on all fronts. European nations ruled smaller countries called colonies, and competed with each other to collect more colonies, gathering colonies became known as Imperialism. The Germans invented special Sturmabteilung tactics to infiltrate enemy positions, but they also were too little, too late.
Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early Decemberfreeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front. Pilotspeople who fly the plane, used the guns to shoot enemy planes.
The Anglo-German Naval Race started when Germany wanted a big and powerful navy, but Britain was aware of their actions and invested huge amounts of money into building Dreadnoughts which are huge battle ships. The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France.
Germany sunk four more U. The Western and Eastern Fronts The first month of combat consisted of bold attacks and rapid troop movements on both fronts.
An alliance were meant to bring peace and stability but actually was one of the long term causes of the world war.World War one started on the 28th of July between two sides; triple alliance and the triple entente. It ended on the 11th of November Difference in policies were to blame, although the.
World War I was a major conflict fought in Europe and around the world between July 28, and November 11, Nations from across all non-polar continents were involved, although Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary dominated.
Much of the war was characterized by stagnant. Oct 29, · Watch video · World War I began inafter the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central.
World War I (or the First World War) was a global war which began on July 28, and lasted until November 11, The war lasted exactly four years, three months and 14 days.
The war lasted exactly four years, three months and 14 days. Oct 29, · World War I began inafter the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the.
The war ended in the late fall ofafter the member countries of the Central Powers signed armistice agreements one by one. Germany was the last, signing its armistice on November 11, As a result of these agreements, Austria-Hungary was broken up into several smaller countries.Download