Although various measures were undertaken since the inception of planning for the eradication of poverty throughout the country and some degree of success has also been attained in reducing the poverty ratio in general among all the states but the high degree of poverty differentials still persist among different states of the country.
Their normal routine of life consists in eating, sleeping and begetting children. Spread of epidemic diseases in any country is the reason of poverty as poor people cannot take care of their health and hygienic condition. People who fail to maintain the minimum standard of living such as consumption and nutrition required for existence.
In view of the methodological issues raised in respect of the estimates on poverty and also poverty alleviation being an objective of economic and social development, the Planning Commission constituted an Expert Group on September for considering methodology and computational aspects of estimation of proportion and number of poor persons in the country.
Estimates of Dandekar and Rath: It aims at providing days of unskilled manual work up to two members of a family in the age group of 18 to 60 years normally residing in villages within the blocks covered under EAS.
On the basis of past experience and difficulties uncounted in implementations of programmes appropriate steps should betaken to find out suitable alternatives for reducing poverty and inequality. The concept of poverty is therefore considered to cover more than the word poor may convey ordinarily.
The scheme aims at implementation by the village panchayats. Public-private partnership mode of delivery can thus supplement the direct delivery of services through government institutions. Bardhan- Bardhan considered Rs. Thus the findings of the study made by Minhas, Dandekar and Rath, Bardhan and others revealed that most of the people living below the poverty line belonging to landless agricultural labour households with small holdings, land-less non-agricultural rural labour households and small land operators with les than 1 hectare of land holdings.
They will carry their power allocations with them and could then be an element in small scale industrialisation in rural areas. This extent of poverty declined to The Approach Paper of the Tenth Plan also recorded the projections of poverty level at the end of Tenth Plan prepared by the plan panel.
Due to a rigid caste system, the low caste people could not participate in the game of economic progress. Adequate awareness about small family norm has to be created among the people and steps should be taken to make it a people programme.
Keeping in mind the migration factor from relatively poorer states to the prosperous ones, it has projected a poverty level of 2. In India, unskilled labor is in abundant supply but skilled labor is less due to insufficient industrial education and training.
Accordingly, absolute poverty is measured by a pre-determined level of living which families or households should be able to afford. Together with the overall economic growth, the anti-poverty and employment generation programmes have helped in reducing the incidence of poverty over the long run.
As per this projection, it is found that if macro-economic and sectoral projections for the Tenth Plan are achieved, the poverty ratio in India should fall to In this way, people are poor because they have little investment in themselves and poor people do not have the funds for human capital investment.
Relative poverty, on the other hand, considers over all distribution of income and the relative position of a household within that distribution pattern. The causes behind poverty in India are manifold.
Here in this concept of relative poverty, the relative position of one section of people is compared with another group. Making provision for proper security for the tenant cultivators and sharing of crops.
In numerical terms, the number of persons living below the poverty line in India increased from million in to million in and then gradually declined to million in and then again increased to million in and then to million in This scheme makes provision for lump-sum survivor benefit on the death of the primary bread winner in poor households of Rs 10, in the case of accidental death and Rs 5, in the case of death from unnatural causes.
The rural poverty ratio of relatively backward states in which were Essay on Poverty in India: Causes, Effects and Solutions. Category: Essays, Eradication of poverty would ensure a sustainable and inclusive growth of economy and society. We all should do everything possible and within our limits to help alleviate poverty from our country.
Complete Essay on Poverty in India. Last updated:. Complete Essay on Poverty in India. Category: National Issues of India On November 25, By Bijoy Basak.
Poverty Eradication Schemes (Garibi Hatao): There have been more than 10 such schemes like Employment Guarantee Scheme, PMRY, Rural Employment Scheme, old age pension scheme etc.
Essay on Poverty in India. Article Shared by. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Essay on the Economic Reforms and Poverty Eradication Programme Essay on the World Bank’s New Perception of Poverty.
Free Essays on Eradication Of Poverty Of India. Get help with your writing. 1 through Eradicating Poverty in India Essay Sample.
Poverty is a pervasive concern in a huge country like India. It has been projected that India is home to approximately 33% of the impoverished population of the world.
Eradication of poverty in India is a priority for the Indian government. Eradicating Poverty in India Essay Sample.
Poverty is a pervasive concern in a huge country like India. It has been projected that India is home to approximately 33% of the impoverished population of the world. Eradication of poverty in India is a priority for the Indian government.Download