History of the space program

A new era in human spaceflight had begun. Here is a synopsis of that long, involved tale. After the loss of Challenger, NASA grounded the shuttle program for over two years, making numerous safety changes recommended by the Rogers Commission Reportwhich included a redesign of the SRB joint that failed in the Challenger accident.

Bush announced his Space Exploration Initiative in on the 20th anniversary of the first moon landing. NASA also conducted significant research on high-speed aircraft flight efficiency, maneuverability and safety, research that was often applicable to lower speed airplanes.

Space Shuttle program

Some have been content to exist in xenophobic isolation. Enterprise made some glide flights inbut never reached space. Under the guiding principle that NASA was a research and development organization, rather than one that undertook routine observations, in its early years NASA spun off some of its Earth applications programs to other agencies or to the private sector.

Solar Science The sun, our nearest star, a mere 8 light-minutes away, compared to 4. Apollo program — Main article: Fully assembled, the ISS will be composed of aboutpounds of hardware — five times the size of Skylab — brought to orbit in about 40 separate launches over the course of more than a decade.

Discovery becomes first shuttle to dock with the international space station, a multinational, permanent, orbiting research laboratory. This vehicle made nearly test flights from to And it provided unprecedented detail on the origin of the universe and the evolution of the first stars and galaxies.

But byMariner 9 showed a much more complex surface, including what appeared to be dry river beds.

Space Shuttle program

Apollo suffered a setback in Januarywhen three astronauts were killed after their spacecraft caught fire during a launch simulation. The program was eventually cancelled, but the ideal of winged spacecraft never died.

Thanks to the finite speed of light, NASA has even succeeded in making several voyages to the beginning of time. As is the case with the moon, there is no doubt that these robotic spacecraft will lead the way for human exploration of Mars — it is only a matter of when.

Endeavour OV was built to replace Challenger using structural spare parts originally intended for the other orbiters and delivered in May ; it was first launched a year later. It was occupied for a total of days by 3 successive crews in and The process would repeat, with the Silbervogel making the trip across the Atlantic in a series of leaps and bounds.

This could be a new design eliminating the joint or a redesign of the current joint and seal. Today, the Voyagers are heading toward the void of interstellar space, carrying two golden records containing greetings to whatever creatures may find it from various leaders and citizens of planet Earth.

With the first pass of Ulysses, scientists discovered unknown complexities of the sun and its surroundings, including different speeds of the solar wind. The X development program was cancelled inand the vehicle was never built. NASA also conducted significant research on high-speed aircraft flight efficiency, maneuverability and safety, research that was often applicable to lower speed airplanes.

Mercury Space Program

Put a human in space; develop a reusable spacecraft, making access to space cheaper and easier; use this vehicle to build a space station; inhabit the space station and employ it as a base from which to launch manned expeditions to the moon and, later, Mars. Also among the early life science concerns at NASA was planetary protection — both of planets on which spacecraft might land, and of our own home planet — the problem of back-contamination with returning spacecraft or samples.

It was followed by Aqua in and Aura in Though a small spacecraft weighing only 30 pounds, it discovered what are now known as the Van Allen radiation belts, named for the University of Iowa scientist Dr. The Space Race intervened.bistroriviere.com brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency.

Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. NASA's Space Shuttle program had missions when the program ended with the successful landing of the Space Shuttle Atlantis at the Kennedy Space Center on July 21, The program spanned 30 years with over astronauts sent into space.

Inthe Soviet space program took another step forward with the launch of Luna 2, the first space probe to hit the moon. In Aprilthe Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first.

How the Space Shuttle Was Born

As space exploration continued through the s, the United States was on its way to the Moon. Project Gemini was the second NASA spaceflight program. Its goals were to perfect the entry and re-entry maneuvers of a spacecraft and conduct further tests on how individuals are. KSP is a game where the players create and manage their own space program.

Build spacecraft, fly them, and try to help the Kerbals to fulfill their ultimate mission of conquering space. NAVIGATION. As space exploration continued through the s, the United States was on its way to the Moon. Project Gemini was the second NASA spaceflight program.

SPACE PROGRAM

Its goals were to perfect the entry and re-entry maneuvers of a spacecraft and conduct further tests on how individuals are .

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History of the space program
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