The government was based on the system of hierarchy and centralisation, ensuring hiring of loads of staff, to guarantee that work was carried on efficiently and resourcefully.
Since the toll-tax was based on the value of the commodity it was probably paid in money and not in kind. The Mauryan empire was the largest State in the whole of the ancient world and for the first time it ushered in Mauryan administration new form of government i. Kautilya refers to the salaries of different ranks of military officers.
The trade and economy of the Mauryan dynasty was one of their most influential achievements.
The king was advised by the Mantriparishad. The Rummindei Edict records that the village of Lumbini, where the Buddha was born, was exempted from bali and was to pay only one eighth of the bhaga.
The Mauryan army wiped out many gangs of bandits, regional private armies, and powerful chieftains who sought to impose their own supremacy in small areas.
It is made of locally available quartzite and seems to have been Mauryan administration, shaped, modeled and even polished locally. Ashoka pillar at Vaishali.
He had legislative, executive and judicial powers. Samharta, the chief of the Revenue Department, was in charge of the collection of all revenues of the empire. The provincial governors were mostly appointed from the members of royal family.
Even by the early 20th Century in British India, the tradition of torturing a prisoner in order to extort a confession, true or false, remaindd deeply is engrained in the mind of every Indian policeman, so difficult was it is to check the practice even under modern conditions.
Military and Espionage Department: Mauryan remains of a wooden palissade at Bulandi Bagh site. The Rummindei inscription is the only Ashokan inscription which makes a precise reference to taxation. Having renounced offensive warfare and expansionism, Ashoka nevertheless continued to maintain this large army, to protect the Empire and instil stability and peace across West and South Asia.
The Mauryan wooden palace survived till at least the end of the 4th century A. Tamluk Tamralipti on the east coast and Broach and Soparaon the west coast were the most important sea-ports of India in those times. He was in charge of collection of revenue from various parts of the kingdom and looked after the income and expenditure by supervising the works of the akshapataladhyaksha Accountant General.
Other historians, such as Etienne Lamotte  and Romila Thapar among others, have argued that archaeological evidence in favour of the allegations of persecution of Buddhists are lacking, and that the extent and magnitude of the atrocities have been exaggerated.
They Mauryan administration attest to Ashoka's having sent envoys to the Greek rulers in the West as far as the Mediterranean. Fifteen percent per annum appears to have been the average rate of interest on borrowed money.
It was under the control of the Senapati under whom there were several adhyakshas of different wings and units of the army such as those of infantry Padadhyakshacavalry asvadhyakshawar elephants hastyadhyakshanavy navadhyakshachariots rathadhyakshaand armoury ayudhagaradhyaksha. The use of art for dispersing religion exhibited through the edicts on stone pillars besides, the system of missionaries for propagating religion were notable features.
The Royal Highway from the north-west in the region of Taxila to Pataliputra was considered the most important route. The Mauryan centralized monarchy became a paternal despotism under Asoka.
Ashoka sent a mission led by his son Mahinda and daughter Sanghamitta to Sri Lankawhose king Tissa was so charmed with Buddhist ideals that he adopted them himself and made Buddhism the state religion. Their pay scales, service rules and method of payment were clearly laid down. Under the Indo-Greek friendship treaty, international trade was thriving.
The king appointed Sachivas minister or Amatyas. Consisting ofinfantry, 30, cavalry and 9, war elephants, it was the largest standing army of that time.
Ashoka also sponsored the construction of thousands of roads, waterways, canals, hospitals, rest-houses and other public works.
The Adhyakshas were in charge of various departments. But as his was the final court of appeal he issued final judgement. Commodities manufactured in the country were stamped at the place of manufacture, while those that were brought in from foreign countries were stamped at the toll-gates.Mauryan Administration: The establishment of the Mauryan empire in contrast to the earlier smaller kingdoms ushered in a new form of government, that of a centralized empire.
The Mauryan Empire indicates the triumph of monarchy as a political system over tribal republics. The Mauryan dynasty under the tremendous and able hands of Chandragupta Maurya or Ashoka, had witnessed a smooth run of administration and competent reign of rulers.
Mauryan Administration. The ascendancy of the Mauryas had resulted in the triumph of monarchy in India. Other systems like republics and oligarchies that were prevalent in the pre-Mauryan India had collapsed. MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION. EXPLAIN THE NATURE OF THE MAURYAN STATE.
Indian history entered a new era with the beginning of the Mauryan Empire in around B.C. as for the first time, India attained political unity and administrative uniformity.4/4(5).
The Mauryan administration system was efficient and monarchical. The king of the Mauryan government was the head of the Mauryan empire administration. The Mauryan Empire had the privileged of having successful administrators such as Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara Maurya and Ashoka the Great.
Get the detailed Ancient NCERT Notes on Mauryan Administration for UPSC IAS Exam. The Mauryan Empire had an efficient and centralised administrative system.
The king was the supreme power and source of all authority.Download